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Тесты по патологии родов

Тесты по патологии родов.
1. В результате чего возникает вторичная слабость схваток и потуг?

а) истощение;

б) отсутствие моциона;

в) многоплодие;

г) грыжа брюшной стенки;

д) узость таза.

2. Тест. В каком случае проводят перинеостомию?

а) узость шейки матки;

б) бурные схватки и потуги;

в) узость влагалища;

г) сухие роды;

д) узость таза.

1.Do you__workon Sundays. A)have to. B)must. C) should.2. I don't think you__stay out late. A) must. B) should. C) shouldn't.3. You__bring anything special to the party. A) don't have to. B) must. C) should.4. Naomi will get in touch__she hears any news. A) as soon as. B) while. C) until. 5. Please look after the children__l get home from work.A) until. B) if. C) while6. If i__ some money, l'll go on holiday next year. A) 'll save. B) saved. C) save.7. Will your parents buy you a car if you finish university? '____'. A) No, won't. B) No, they don't. C) No, they won't.8. Before i go out tonight, i__ finish this work. A) 'm going to. B) going to. C) am.9. Do you want to go ___? A) dancing. B) to dance. C) dance.10. Is coffee__ in Kenya? A) grew. B) grown. C) grow.11. Since 2001, all Skoda cars__by Volkswagen. A) were produced. B) are produced. C) have been produced.12. 'is a lot of paper wasted in your office? '____'. A) Yes, it was. B) Yes, it is. C) Yes,it has.13. If i ___a famous person, i wouldn't know what to say. A) meet. B) didn't meet. C) met.14. They__more money if they saved a little every month. A) would have. B) will have. C) would had.15. If you__me,what would you do? A) are. B) like. C) were.16. Emma is very busy so she__come to the party. She hasn't decided yet. A) mustn't. B) shouldn't. C) might not.17. Ed is tired because he__all night. A) hasn't worked. B) has been working. C) is working.18. You've got a lot of bags.___you___? A) Do/go shopping? B)Have/been shopping. C) Have/shopped.19. Dan was taken to hospital because he__his leg. A) breaks. B) has broken. C) had broken.20.'Had they met Kathy before the party'. 'Yes,___'. A) she had. B) they had. C) they did.21. Could you__me a favour and look after the children after school,please? A) make. B) get. C) do.22. Naples is__an exciting city. A) so. B) such. C) very.23. Lity gave__her jod and traveled round the world. A) over. B) away. C) up.24. John doesn't___much money as a waiter. A) win. B) take. C) earn.25. Can you__a photo of us, please? A) make. B) take. C) do.
1. When Mark arrived, the Johnsons ______ dinner, but stopped in order to talk to him.

/>were having
/>had been having
/>was having

2. While Tom ______ a book, Marhta ______ TV.

/>was reading, watched
/>read, watched
/>was reading, was watching
/>read, was watching

3. The food that Ann is cooking in the kitchen ______ delicious.

/>is smelling
/>will smell

4. We called our friends in London yesterday to tell them about the reunion that we ______ .

/>will plan
/>were planning
/>have planned

5. Catherine is studying law at the university, and so ______ Nick.


6. I feel terrible. I think I ______ to be sick.

/>am going
/>will be going

7. My colleagues usually ______ four days a week, and tills week they ______ five days.

/>work, work
/>are working, work
/>are working, are working
/>work, are working

8. It ______ outside; I do not like to walk in such weather.

/>is rain
/>is raining
/>is rained

9. I ______ a very difficult day tomorrow. I need to prepare for the exam.

/>will have
/>am having
/>would have

10. At 10 o'clock in the morning on Wednesday Tom ______ a delegation in the office.

/>will receive
/>is receiving
/>will be receiving
/>would receive

11. Although the sun was shining, it was still cold, because it ______ hard for two hours.

/>had been raining
/>was raining
/>had rained
/>is raining

12. She ______ at the parcel long enough, before she ______ that it was for her brother.

/>had been looking, had understood
/>had been looking, understood
/>was looking, understood
/>was looking, had understood

13. I_____to the cinema but my friend persuaded me to stay.

/>am not going
/>was going
/>did not go
/>had been going

14. We were good friends, we ______ each other for years.

/>had known
/>had knowing
/>were knowing

15. We were extremely tired at the end of the journey. We ______ for more than 24 hours.

/>had travelled
/>were travelling
/>had been travelling

16. How long ______ this book? How many pages of this book ______ ?

/>have you been reading, have you been reading
/>have you read, have you read
/>have you read, you read
/>have you been reading, have you read

17. We always go to Saint Petersburg for our holidays. We ______ there for years.

/>have been going
/>are going
/>were going

18. I have lost my key again. I ______ things. I lose things too often.

/>always lose
/>am always losing
/>have always lost
/>was always losing

19. The economic situation is already very bad and it ______ worse.

/>is getting
/>would be getting

20. What time ______ your friend ______ tomorrow?

/>will arrive
/>is arrived
/>will be arriving
/>will arriving

1)We haven’t got much time. We … hurry 2)We have plenty of time. We … hurry. 3)We have enough food at home, so we … go shopping today. 4)Jim gave a letter to post. I … remember to post it. 5)Jim gave me a letter to post. I … forget to post it. 6)There’s plenty of time for you tomake up your mind. You … decide now. 7)You … wash those tomatoes. They have already been washed. 8)This is a valuable book. You … look after it carefully and you … lose it. 9)I understand the situation perfectly. You … explain further. 10)We … go all the way home. We can get a taxi. везде или must mustn't needn't

past six. I go to the bathroom and wash my hands and face and clean my teeth. Then I dress, go to the kitchen and cook breakfast for my family. At half past seven my son gets up and has breakfast. I have breakfast with my son. My son eats a sandwich and drinks a cup of tea. I drink coffe. After Breakfast my son leaves home for school. I don t leave home with my son. On Tuesday I don t work in the morning. I work in the afternoon. In the evening I am at home. My husband and my son are at home, too. We rest in the evening. My son waches TV, my husband reads newspapers and I do some work about the house. At about eleven o clock we I go to bed.

disasters are caused by nature and there is nothing that we can do to prevent them happening, there are many different natural causes that lead to natural disasters, and being aware of these causes enables us to be better prepared when such disasters do arrive.

One common natural disaster is flooding, which occurs when a river bursts its banks and the water spills out onto the floodplain. This is far more likely to happen when there is a great deal of heavy rain, so during very wet periods flood warnings are often put in place.

Earthquakes are another common natural disaster that can cause many fatalities. The movements of the plates in the earth’s crust cause them. These plates do not always move smoothly and can get stuck, causing a build-up of pressure. It is when this pressure is released that an earthquake occurs. In turn, an earthquake under the water can also cause a tsunami, as the quake causes great waves by pushing large volumes of water to the surface.

Tsunamis can also be caused by underwater volcanic eruptions. Volcanic eruptions are caused by magma escaping from inside the earth. An explosion takes place, releasing the magma from a confined space, which is why there are often also huge quantities of gas and dust released during a volcanic eruption. The magma travels up the inside of the volcano, and pours out over the surrounding area as lava.

One of the most common natural disasters, but also one of the most commonly forgotten, is wildfires. These take place in many different countries all over the world, particularly during the summer months, and can be caused by a range of different things. Some of the things can be totally natural, while others can be manmade, but the speed at which they spread is entirely down to nature. The two natural causes of wildfires are the sun’s heat and lightning strikes, while they can also be caused by campfires, smoking, fireworks and many other things. The reasons that they spread so quickly are prolonged hot, dry weather, where the vegetation dries out, which is why they often take place in woodland.

1) (Points: 1)

The text is about .

А) earthquakes
Б) tsunamis
В) natural disasters
Г) environmental protection

2) (Points: 1)

Choose the right sentence.

А) There are no gas and dust released during a volcanic eruption.
Б) Wildfires can be caused by people.
В) Flooding is not a natural disaster.
Г) Natural disasters happen only in some parts of the world.

3) (Points: 1)

Find the wrong statement.

А) Earthquakes can cause many fatalities.
Б) Fireworks can be the cause of wildfires.
В) Volcanic eruptions are caused by heavy rain.
Г) The speed of wildfires is entirely down to nature.

4) (Points: 1)

Complete the sentence.

Natural disasters _________________________________.

А) often take place in woodland
Б) are caused by underwater volcanic eruptions
В) can be devastating for people’s lives
Г) are commonly forgotten

5) (Points: 1)

Answer the question.

When does flooding occur?

А) When a river bursts its bank.
Б) When magma escapes from inside the earth.
В) When the vegetation dries out.
Г) After prolonged hot, dry weather.

6) (Points: 1)

Choose the best title for the text.

А) What to do after a natural disaster?
Б) How to avoid natural disasters
В) The wildlife
Г) Natural disasters and their causes

Infections diseases are diseases which can pass from one person to another by different ways: through the nose and mouth, simply by touch, through the blood, etc.

A person who has any infectious diseases must be isolated immediately. The main task of medical workers is to prevent the spread of infection.

All infectious diseases are caused by specific microorganisms which may berevealed by bacteriological tests.

Today such diseases as the plague, chalera,malaria and others have been stamped out altogether in our contry.

It is important to say that such infectious diseases as scarlet fever may have a sudder onset. A sore thoat, a running nose, cough, high temperature may occcur among the most characteristic lokal symptoms. Many diseases are accompanied by rash should be paid to the type of the rash.

If nurses look after patients who have any infectious disease, they must:

-prevent the spread of infection

-wear a mask and special gown

-wash hands carefully after visiting infectious patients.

-disinfect bedclothes after use.

-remember that a good bedside manner and attitude is an effective medicine.

Scarlet fever is an infectuous disease. We can often meet this disease in children. The disease passes from one person to another through the nose and mouth. The beginning of the disease is quick. The patient has a sore  throat,fever/headache and he often vomits. The temperature rises quickly-on the first day. The rash appears on the second day. After thetemperature falls the skin begins to peel. We must isolate the child with scarlet fever and put him in bed.

Measles is a very infectious disease. The disease passes from one child to another. The first symptoms are;sneezing, and coughing. The disease begins with signs of a heavy cold,a running nose and dry cough. The temperature is high and the child has a dislike of the light.

The rash appears on the third or fourth day behind the ears and around the mouth and then covers the whole body.

The nurse must be very careful to prevent the spread of infection. 

well. 2. Who (to ring) you up an hour ago? 3. He (to live) on the third floor. 4. It (to take) you long to find his house yesterday? 5. When your lessons (to be) over on Monday? 6. I (to have) dinner with my family yesterday. 7. Her friends (to be) ready at five o clock. 8. One of her brohers (to make) a tour of Europe last summer. 9. Queen Elizabeth II (to be) born in 1926. She (to become) Queen of England in 1952. 10. You always (to get) up at seven o clock? — No, sometimes I (to get) up at half past seven.
key, mouse 2) child, path, hero, day, book-case, oak, manner, louse, study, goose, wolf, yard, brush, sofa 3) man, horse, idea, kilo, tooth, brother, cousin, glass, daisy, ox, swine, grass, lion, writing-table 4) son-in-law, youth, piano, half, dream, foot, deer, child, material, mouse, servant, potato, cow-boy 5) woman, hoof, branch, mosquito, ox, frog, mouth, hill, root, photo, foot, country, joint, noun

составить сочинение 7-10 предложений на тему Should cars be banned from city centres? 

Вопрос задан анонимно

Everybody must know how to give the first aid. The first aid saves many lives. The first aid is the help which you give to an injured person. You must know different methods of helping in accident.

When you falt on your knee you get a bruise on it. The bruised place looks red and swollen at first. If there isa scratch on your knee put iodine on it. If your knee hurts you very much, take some cloth, wet it in cold water and put on the bruise. It will relieve the pain.

Stop the bleeding as soon as possible. The simple method is to put clean cloth or a pad of sterile gaure over the wound and fasten it tightly. If the bleeding is from an arm of leg raise the limb.In severe cases doctors make blood transfusion. 


1) Is information really important? (are, is, does, were)
2) He has been learning foreign languages all his life. (has, has been, is, are)
3) Don’t call on my brother tomorrow, he will be reading for his exams. (will be reading, will read, reads, are reading)
4) If I get the tickets, we shall see this performance. (shall see, see, saw, have seen)
5) How many novels has he written? (has he written,he has written, is written, he wrote)
6) By the time she returns from her business trip the experiment will be finished . (finishes, is finished, will have been finished, will be finished)
7) We watched an interesting TV program some days ago. (shall watch, watched, have watched, watch)
8) I hope the next mail will bring news from home. (will bring, brings, will have been brought, will be brought)
9) My brother is working in the garden now. (works, is working, worked, has been working)
10) You promised that you would get tickets for the new play. (will get, would get, got, have got)
11) The steamer is being unloaded still. (unload, is being unloaded, will be unloaded, be unloaded)
12) were all the students from your group invited to the conference last month. (was, have, were, did)
13) She was going to the bank when I met her. (is going was going, goes, will go)
14) He was sure they would return on the 1st of May (will return, would return, returned, have returned)
15) An interesting problem will be discussed at the conference tomorrow. (will discuss, will be discussed, was being discussed, has discussed)
16) When we came home our son was playing on the computer. (was playing, has played, played, is playing)
17) If you don’t get the book, let me know. (hadn’t got, won’t get, wouldn’t get, don’t get)
18) He had finished his work before I returned. (finished, finishes, had finished, has finished)
19) How long had she been waiting for me before I came? (had she been waiting, did she wait, has she waited, she waited)
20) I am sure that they will complete their work on time. (will complete, will be completing, are completed, complete)
21) I’ll speak to him when I meet him. (met, meet, shall meet, meets)
22) There is a lot of people in the park now. (is, were, are, will be)
23) The operator assured us that a new program will be installed the following week. (installed, would be installed, will be installed, installs)
24) The students said they had spent less time on the translation of this text than the previous one (had spent, spent, were spending, spend)
25) They promised that a new car will be delivered the next week. (was delivered, will be delivered, would be delivered, would deliver)
26) The problem has been solved by Russian scientists. (has solved, has been solved, is solving, was solving)
27) The secretary has posted two letters today. (has posted, posts, was posting, posted)
28) Only after all the details had been discussed the contract was signed. (have been discussed, were discussed, had been discussed, discussed)
29) He said that he would find the book by all means. (will find, finds, has found, would find)
30) He usually comes to the institute 10 minutes before ten. (will come, come, comes, is coming)
31) When I shall be free, I’ll come to see you. (am, shall be, be, was)
32)-неуверенWhat new words have you learnt? (did you learn, you learnt, have you learnt, you have learnt)
33) were you watching the news program at 9 o’clock yesterday? (was, did, were, do)
34) She shall receive no letters from him lately. (received, has received, receives, shall receive)
35) Listen! Somebody is knocking at the door. (knocks, was knocking, is knocking, had knocked)
36) He said that he had not met that man before. (did not, is not, had not, has not)
37) He is not playing tennis tomorrow, because he is ill. (is not, are not, will not, was not)
38) A new stadium is being built in our district now. (is building, is built, is being built, builds)
39)When did your brother come back to Moscow? (has, did, do, is)
40) Why is it necessary to study mathematics at school. (is necessary, is it necessary, it was necessary, it is necessary)
41) The letter has been just typed .(has typed, has been typed, is typing, is being typed)
42) The telegram has arrived five minutes ago. (arrives, is arriving, has arrived, arrived)
43) They were discussing this report when I came in. (are discussing, were discussing, have discussed, discussed)
44) When I entered the conference room she was making a report. (makes, was making, has made, made)
45) Why is it important to get there on time? (it is important, is important, is it important, was important)
46) When we got to the theatre the performance had started already. (was started, will start, had started, has started)
47) Tomorrow at this time he will be flying to Paris. (will be flying, would fly, will fly, have been flying)
48) A new school will be built in our district by the time your son goes to school. (will have been built, will be built, will built, is built)
49) She showed me the article which her brother had translated (translated, had translated, translates, has translated)
50) My friend has been looking for a job since last year. (is looking, has been looking, will look, looks)
51) An interesting exhibition will be held in a month. (will be held, holds, has been held)
52) If it stops raining we will go for a walk. (will stop, stops, stopped, will have stopped)
53) Let them learn this rule by heart. (their, them, themselves)
54) If I am free, I’ll go to the party. (shall be, have been, am, was)
55) Why is it necessary to learn foreign languages? (necessary, is necessary, it is necessary, is it necessary)
56) The bridge was built ten years ago. (is being built, built, was built, is built)
57) I thought Kate had translated the letter already. (had translated, is translating, will translate, translated)
58) When you will return from the party give me a call please. (returns, will return, return, returned)
59) I have known him for three years. (was known, have known, know, has known)
60) No news is good news. (is, were, have been, are)
61) They didn’t meet since last holidays. (didn’t meet, haven’t meet, don’t meet, had met)
62) When was this house built? (is, was, will, has)



Переведите предложения на русский язык, В разделе (б) обратите внимание на перевод пассивных конструкций. а) 1. Astronomers have measured the exact length of the day. 2. Astronomers find that the day is increasing by 0.002 seconds each century. б) 1. The chemical properties of an element are determined by the orbiting electrons. 2. As a rule one great discovery is generally followed by numerous others. 2. Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните Participle I Participle II и установите функции каждого из них, т.е. укажите, является ли оно определением, обстоятельством или частью глагола-сказуемого. Переведите предложения на русский язык. 1. The cloud chamber (камера Вильсона) is one of the devices used to detect the presence of radioactivity. 2. Matter consists of one or a number of basic elements occurring in nature. 3. One can use several modern devices while detecting and measuring radioactivity. 4. When heated to a certain temperature, this alloy increases in volume.3. Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол, или его эквивалент; предложения переведите. 1.We can think of heat as a special form of kinetic energy. 2. A computer should solve complicated problems many millions of times faster than a mathematician. 3. New types of plastics had to be obtained for space technology. 4. To measure the vast distances between different planets scientists have to use special instruments. 4. Прочитайте и устно переведите с 1-го по 3-й абзацы текста. Перепишите и письменно переведите 2-й и 3-й абзацы. C.F. POWELL (1903-1969) 1. Powell was a prominent English scientist noted for his techniques and dis-coveries in particle physics. He was also deeply concerned with problems relating to the social responsibility of scientists. Powell was a leader in the World Federation of Scientific Workers in the mid-1950s and was a founder of the Pugwush Conferences on Science and World Affairs in 1957. As a public man and in his published articles Powell stressed the perils of destructive weapons and the need for international cooperation. 2. Powell was born in December 1903 in England. His parents were poor and they were determined to give their children a good education to increase their opportunities for a better life. In 1921 Powell won a scholarship5 of one of the colleges at Cambridge which he graduated in 1925 with first-class honours in science. He started his scientific career at the Cavendish laboratory headed by Ernest Rutherford. After gaining his scientific degree at Cambridge in 1928 Powell accepted a position6 at the new Physics laboratory in the University of Bristol. Powell spent the rest of his career there advancing to professor in 1948 and director of the laboratory in 1964. 3. In 1947 Powell's Bristol group identified a new particle in the cosmic radiation. Powell and other two scientists discovered the -meson and demonstrated that this sub-nuclear particle was produced directly in nuclear reactions and rapidly decayed in flight, producing the -meson. The discovery solved a complicated scientific problem and helped to open a new era of particle physics. 4. Powell continued to develop and apply the photographic method of Bristol, His laboratory became the source of new experimental discoveries in meson physics and an international training centre for physicists of many countries. In 1950 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for his development of the photographic method and his meson discoveries. 5. Прочитайте 4-й абзац текста и вопрос к нему. Из приведенных вариантов ответа укажите номер предложения, содержащего правильный ответ' на поставленный вопрос: For what discovery was Powell awarded the Nobel Prize? 1. for the role he played in the establishment of European Centre for Nuclear Research. 2. for his development of the photographic method and his meson discoveries. 3.for a new technique for detecting high-energy particles.
помогите с этой работой

Переведите предложения на русский язык: a) This book is not so interesting as that one. b) The Baltic Sea is not so warm as the Black Sea. c) The more you read the more you know. d) My brother is not as tall as you are. e) The earlier you get up the more you can do. f) Today thewind is as strong as it was yesterday. g) Your room is as light as mine. h) John knows Russian as well as English. i) Mary is not so lazy as her brother. j) The longer the night is the shorter the day

5. Complete each second sentence using the word given, so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. Write between two and five words in each gap. 1. What's the price of the tickets, Ben? (much) How _____ Ben? 2. Are these your trainers? (to) Do _____ you? 3. Mary's not keen on team sports at all. (like)Mary___ team sports at all. 4. It's only her second time in a recording studio. (been) She ___ in a recording studio once before. 5. We got here three hours ago. (have) We ____ three hours. 6. I started writing this hours ago and it's still not right. (writing) I ____ hours and it's still not right. 7. This is my first experience of flying alone. (time) It is the first ___ alone. 8. Peter's in the bath at the moment. (a) Peter ___ at the moment. 9. John enjoys surprises apart from on his birthday. (does) John ___ surprises, just not on his birthday! 10. Tommy never used to spend much time playing on his computer. (use) Tommy ___ spend so much time playing on his computer.

wing) and the Liberal Democrats (centre). The Conservative party goes back to the Tories, or Royalists, who originated in King Charles' reign (1660-1685). The Tories were the part/ that supported Church and King; the other main party at the time were the Whigs, who were a group eager for political reform. The Tory party gave way to its successor, the Conservative party, in around 1830. The Conservative party believes in free enterprise and the importance of a capitalist economy, with private ownership preferred to state control. In 1899 the Trade Union Congress summoned a special conference of trade unions and socialist bodies to make plans to represent labour in Parliament. The proposal for such a meeting had come from Thomas Steels, a member of the Independent Labour Party which had been formed in 1892. The conference met in February 1900 in London and has always been looked on as the foundation of the Labour Party.The Labour party believes that private ownership and enterprise should be allowed to flourish, but not at the expense of their traditional support of the public services. There has been a Liberal party in Great Britain since 1868 when the name was adopted by the Whig party. The Whig party was created after the revolution of 1688 and aimed to subordinate the power of the Crown to that of Parliament and the upper classes. In 1981 a second centre party was created by 24 Labour MPs. It was called the Social Democratic party, and soon formed an alliance with the Liberal party. They formed a single party which became the Liberal Democrats after the 1987 election. The Liberal Democrats believe that the state should have some control over the economy, but that there should be individual ownership.
1. If John...(not to oversleep) he...(not to be) late for work. 2. If he ...(not to be) late for work, his boss...(not to fire) him. 3. If John....(not to lose) his job, he .....(not to walk) in the streets in the afternoon. 4 If he. ...(not to walk) in the streets, he....(not to see) the travel agency lottery 5.If he....(not to see) the lottery, he. (not to win) the tour to Egypt....(not to go) sightseeing. 6.If he....(not to win) the tour to Egypt, he. 7. If he ....(not to go) sightseeing, he ...(not to get) acquainted with the people from New York who offered him a job there. 8. If he....(not to get) acquainted with them, he....(not to work) a head manager of the bank. 9.If he ...(not to work) as the head manager of the bank, he ....(not to have) money at all.
umbrellas b) umbrellaes. c) umbrells 5. a boy a) boys b) boies c) boyes 6. a city a) citys b) cities c) cityes 7. a mouse a) mouses b) mice c) mouss 8. a postman a) postmans b) postman c) postmen 9. a fox a) fox b) foxes c) foxs 10. an ox a) ox b) oxes c) oxen 11. money a) moneys b) — c) moneies 12. a fish a) fish b) fishes c) fishs 13. a knife a) knifes b) knifs c) knives 14. a watch a) watshes b) watchs c) watch 15. an address a) — b) addresses c) address 16. a child a) childs b) childes c) children 17. a foot a) foots b) footes c) feet 18. jeans a) jeans b) jeanses c) jeanss 19. a potato a) potatoes b) potatos c) potates 20. a photo a) photoes b) photos c) photes 21. a roof a) roofs b.rooves c) roofes 22. a toothbrush a) teethbrush b) toothbrushes c) teethbrushes 23. a boy — friend a) boys – friends b) boy — friends c) boys friend 24. a passer – by a) passers-by b) passer-bys c) passer-bies 25. a sheep a) sheep b) sheeps c) sheepes 26. advice a) advices b) advises c). – 27. a mother-in-law a) mother-in-laws b) mothers-in-laws c) mothers-in law 28. news a) newses b) news c) pieces of news

8 класс/Биболетова/unit 4/ стр 102/ № 11

Не могу найти перевод. 

Walt Disney
Walt Disney, a famous American producer, made some of the worlds most magical films. Children and gmwn-ups have watched his films about funny Donald Duck, brave Mickey Mouse, beautiful Snow White, little Bambi and lovely Mary Poppins. Disney's cartoons and films are full of adventures and fun.
A talented businessman, he also created Disneyland, a magical park, where children and their parents are entertained by Disney's characters.
Walt Disney was born in 1901. In his childhood young Walt spent a lot of time on a farm, where he learned to study nature and animals. He wasn't a good student at school because he always
found things that interested him more than school such as movie house and drawing. His family wasn't a rich one and Walt worked hard helping his father.
After the First World War lie managed to set up his own film company. He rented an old camera and a garage. He became the owner of a small studio. He loved cartoons and was full of ideas. He had clear ideas of what he wanted.
Disney's cartoon Films became popular all over the world.
The Disney studios continued producing movies after Walt's death in 1966. Wherever American films are shown, the name of «Disney» still draws the crowds.


All internal organs are situated in the chest and abdomen. The chest is separated from the abdomen by the diaphragm. The principal organs of the chest are the gullet, the heart and the lungs. The gullet connects the pharynx and the stomach. There are two lungs-one in each half of the chest. They differ in size. The right lung islarger than the left one. There is the heart between the lungs behind the breastbone. The heart pumps the blood to the whole body. The lower part of the trunk is the abdominal cavity. The principal organs here are the stomach, the liver, two kidneys, the gallbladder, the pancreas, the spleen, the small and large intestines, the bladder and internal sex glands. There is the liver with the gallbladder in the right upper abdominal part. The liver is the largest and heaviest organ in the body. It works over all the products of digestion. The liver destroys poisns and bacteria which get into the blood. There is the stomach, the pancreas and the spleen in the left upper part of the abdominal cavity. Behind them there are the right and left kidneys at the back. The small and large intestines occupy all the lower abdomen. Yere is also the bladder and sex glands. Each internal organ of the body plays a specific role in the organism. The branch of medicine which studies internal organ diseases is called internal medicine.

Раскройте скобки, употребив нужную сте-пень сравнения прилагательного / наречия. a) Winter is (cold) season of the year. b) Moscow is (large) than St. Petersburg. c) Which is (long) day of the year? d) The Alps are ( high) mountains in Europe. e) Even ( long) day has an end. f) It is one of (important) questions of our conference. g)Your English is (good) now. h) Who knows him (well) than you? i) We have ( little) interest in this work than you. j) Health is (good) than wealth. k) He worked (well) of all. l) Today he worked (slowly) than usually

The work of a nurse at the hospital is very hard. the nurse must carry out all instructions of the doctor. She must look after the patients in day and hight. In the morning the ward-nurse takes the temperature to the patients and gives medicine and injections. The airs the wards and takes special care of bed-patients. She helps towash their faces and hands with the sponge. She changes their sheets and shakes the pillows. When the doctor comes the nurse teles himabout patient's condition. She helps the doctor toexamine the patient and writes down the new prescriptions. During the all day the nurse is busy,she changes dressings,puts cups,give and takes away the enemes drops the eyes of the patients, brings bedpans. The nurse is responsible for patients life. She must know the rules for nurses.
1.Read the order of the doctor before you give medicine.
2.If you make a mistake you must tell the doctor about it.
3.don't be rude with the patient.
4.learn to control your feelings
5.don't gossip about the patients
6.never say the word in-curable

there...new students in your grop? 3. There are...old houses in our street. 4. Are there...English textbooks on the desks? — Yes, there are…. 5. Are there… maps on the walls? — No, there aren t… .6. Are there… pens on the desk? — Yes, there are…. 8. Are there...sweets in your dag? — Yes, there are…. 9. Have you got...English books at home? — Yes, i have… .10. There are… beautiful pictures in the magazine. Look at them. 11. There is… ink in my pen: I cannot write.
Перепишите и переведите предложения, содержащие инфинитив. Выпишите инфинитивы и определите их функцию в предложениях: 1. То solve this problem is very important. 2. Your task is to describe the experiment. 3. He claimed to be an expert in this field. 4. He was the first to apply the new method of work. 5. To test the device the engineer came to the laboratory. Перепишите и переведите предложения, содержащие инфинитивы и инфинитивные обороты. Выпишите из предложений фразы, образующие эти обороты и укажите тип оборота: 1. They are likely to ask you about your knowledge of computers in the interview. 2. Scientists from many countries are considered to take part in this conference. 3. Our engineers are working to improve the equipment. 4. This article appears to be very important. 5. We know mass media to lead active struggle against terrorism.

Pathology is the study of disease. It covers the changes in normal anatomy and physiology brought about by disease and the body reaction to it. Any shallow breach of the skin or mucous membrane is called an ulcer.The raw base of an ulcer often has a painful bleeding surface. A cyst is an abdormal sac of fluid. Cysts are ussuallysmall and localized and can occur in soft tissues or bone anywhere in the body. A tumour is a swelling caused by an abdormal and uncontrolled growth of body cells. It serves no useful purpose and may cause dispfacement or destruction of abjacent structures. Some types of tumour can spread throughout the body causing severe, and often fatal, destructive effects. This condition is commonly known as cancer. Congenital defects are defects which are present at birth, such as heart and valvular defects, cleft palate or other deformities. The cause or nature of an ulcer or tumour cannot always be determined by physical or x-ray examination. Confirmation of the diagnosis often necessitates surgical removal of some diseased tissue for some diseased tissue for examination under a microscope. This minor operation is called a biopsy. The biopsy specimen is sent to a hospital pathology department. The diagnosis of infections often often requires bacteriological examination of a swab or smear from an infected surface other types of disease are commonly diagnosed by blood and urine tests.

Напишите пожалуйста сочинение по английскому языку на тему «is Russia worth visiting» (150-180 слов)… Заранее спасибо!

the radio and (to do) my morning exercises. It (to take) me fifteen minuuutes. At half past seven we (to have) breakfast. My father and I (to leave) home at eight o«clock. He (to take) a bus to his factory. My mother (to be) a doctor, she (to leave) home at nine o»clock. In the evening we (to gather) in the living room. We (to watch) TV and (to talk). 2. My sister (to get) up at eight o«clock. 3. She (to be) a shoolgirl. She (to go) to school in the afternoon. 4. Jane (to be) fond of sports. She (to do) her morning exercises every day. 5. For breakfast she (to have) two eggs, a sandwich and a cup of tea. 6. After breakfast she (to go) to school. 7. It (to take) her two hours to do her homework. 8. She (to speak) French well.


Определите, к какому виду делового документа относится представленный ниже отрывок.

I was very pleased to receive your inquiry of 5 June and enclose our illustrated catalogue and price list giving the details requested. A full range of samples has also been sent by separate post. On regular purchases of q quantities of not less than 500 individual items, we wouldallow a trade discount of 44%.

a) Inquiry Replies

b) Cover Letter

c) Offer Letter

d) Advertising Letter


ЗАДАНИЕ№ 33 Выберитеправильныйвариантответа

1)Money paid by a government to reduce the costs of producing goods so that their prices can be kept low is a …
a)  tariff    b) franchise d) tax   e) subsidy

2).The desire of customers for goods or services which they want to buy or use is a …a) supply b) wish c) request d) demand

3) Selling the same goods for a lower price abroad than at home is …

a) taxation b) profiteering d) dumping e) a profit


ЗАДАНИЕ №34  Соотнесите начало и конец предложений

1. I`m at your … .                          a) object

2. I`m at your ….                          b) agree

3. I don`t ……                                c) depend on

4. That does not … me.                 d)  service

5. I…. with you.                             e) disposal


0/1 Вставьте модальные глаголы «can», «may», «must» или «need»: Why… not you understand it? It is so easy. Ответ: Неверно Неверно Баллов за ответ: 0/1. Данный ответ повлек штраф 0.3. Question 3 Баллов: --/1 Вставьте модальные глаголы «can», «may», «must» или «need»:… we do the exercise at once? — Yes, you… do it at once. Ответ: Question 4 Баллов: --/1 Вставьте модальные глаголы «can», «may», «must» или «need»: (пишите ответы через запятую) you… pronounce this sound or you… change the meaning of the word. Ответ: Question 5 Баллов: --/1 Вставьте модальные глаголы «can», «may», «must» или «need»: You… not buy this meat: we have everything for dinner. Ответ: Question 6 Баллов: --/1 Вставьте модальные глаголы «can», «may», «must» или «need»: I… not go out today: it is too cold. Ответ: Question 7 Баллов: --/1 Вставьте модальные глаголы «can», «may», «must» или «need»:… I take your pen? — Yes, please. Ответ: Question 8 Баллов: --/1 Вставьте модальные глаголы «can», «may», «must» или «need»: We… not carry the bookcase upstairs: it is too heavy.Ответ: Question 9 Баллов: --/1 Вставьте модальные глаголы «can», «may», «must» или «need»: We… not carry the bookcase upstairs ourselves: the workers will come and do it. Ответ: Question 10 Баллов: --/1 Вставьте модальные глаголы «can», «may», «must» или «need»: When… you come to see us? ¦— I… come only on Sunday. Ответ: Question 11 Баллов: --/1 Вставьте модальные глаголы «can», «may», «must» или «need»: Shall I write a letter to him? — No, you… not, it is not necessary. Ответ: Question 12 Баллов: --/1 Вставьте модальные глаголы «can», «may», «must» или «need»:… you cut something without a knife? Ответ: Question 13 Баллов: --/1 Вставьте модальные глаголы «can», «may», «must» или «need»: Everything is clear and you… not go into details now. Ответ: Question 14 Баллов: --/1 Вставьте модальные глаголы «can», «may», «must» или «need»: He… not drink alcohol when he drives. Ответ: Question 15 Баллов: --/1 Вставьте модальные глаголы «can», «may», «must» или «need»: Don't worry! I… change a light bulb. Ответ: Question 16 Баллов: --/1 Вставьте модальные глаголы «can», «may», «must» или «need»: By the end of the week, I… finish writing my book. But I'm not sure. Ответ: Question 17 Баллов: --/1 Вставьте модальные глаголы «can», «may», «must» или «need»: She… not call the doctor again unless she feels worse Ответ:

1. advertising (A) the process of giving things out to consumers, spreading something.
2. consumer (B) to buy something, to get something by paying for it.
3. distribution © the act of providing a particular thing or type of work that people need by organizations or private companies.
4. sales promotion (D) a person who purchases goods or service for personal use.
5. target (E) a level, situation that you aim at or want to archieve.
6. service (F) activites which are done to increase sales of a particular product especially by advertising it or reducing its price.
7. to purchase (G) the act off calling public attention to someone's product or service by announcements in newspaper or on TV.
Vicky gave this party every year, just before Christmas. She 1________to do it before the
war and she was doing it now, when the war was over. It was always the same people who came. It
struck her suddenly how clannish they all were, but then the Deravenels in particular were
somewhat addicted to their family. Vicky knew that she could always depend 2________her
relatives in a crisis.
She was 3__________the guests greet each other and share the news. Vicky thought of her
sister-in-law Kathleen, not present tonight. Vicky missed her presence. When Will had arrived
tonight, he had 4_________that Kathleen was really sick. “But not Spanish flu,” he had added
swiftly, observing the look of apprehension crossing her face, “just a heavy cold.”
Fenella’s voice brought her out of her reverie, and she looked across at her old friend, who
was saying, «How is Charlie feeling?»
“He’s relieved he is safely home, but his wounds still hurt and he feels depressed ..." She
looked at Fenella as if 5________ advice.
«Mr. Ridgely made a remark to me the other day that he wished there was somewhere
wounded soldiers could go, to have some sort of recreation, talk to other soldiers,» said Fenella.
“That’s an interesting idea” Vicky glanced at the others, 6_________a brow. “Don’t you
“To 7________the truth, I do,” Stephen answered, always ready to back his wife in her
project. “I think such a place would be quite marvelous for the wounded men who are now coming
home.” Fenella nodded.
1. A) used B) took C) held D) kept
2. A) in B) of C) at D) on
3. A) staring B) looking C) watching D) gazing
4. A) told B) accepted C) admired D) adopted
5. A) searching for B) asking for C) seeking for D) posing for
6. A) heaving B) raising C) rising D) falling
7. A) talk B) say C) speak D) tell
and (to know) a lot. 3. Bob’s parents usually (to stay) in the country the whole summer. 4. We (to stay) here for a month, and it (to rain) almost every day. 5. You (to be) at home in the evening? 6. I (to be) here ever since morning. 7. He (to receive) letters from her every week. 8. He (to receive) letters from her since last year. 9. Is it the first time he (to see) a tiger? 10. That’s the third time I (to phone) her today. 11. How long you (to know) each other? 12. I hardly (to hear) anything from her since that time. 13. It long (to be) my dream to visit Canada. 14. She (to dream) of becoming an actress. 15. Normally I (to have) breakfast at 8 in the morning. 16. I (to have) just my breakfast.

Division of labour

Without the factors of production, companies cannot get started. To be successful, however, they need to make good use of those resources. To make best use of labour, you need to organise it. The division of labour is one way to achieve this. Let's take making shirts as an example. What do you need to do to make shirts? You need to design it, find the right material, cut the material, sew the pieces together, dye the shirt and sew on the buttons. One person working on their own could probably do all these tasks. This is one way to organise labour. Another way is for the number of workers to share the job. Each worker is responsible for one task in the process. This is an example of the division of labour. The division of labour is not a new idea. Even very early societies had some form of labour specialization.For example, in some societies men were hunters and gatherers of food, while women were responsible for child rearing. However, as societies become industrialized, the division of labour increased. Factories became the main means of production, and each factory worker became responsible for smaller and smaller stages in the process. As each worker gets more and more experience at doing their particular task, they get better and better at it. This should improve the quality of their work. With smaller tasks to do, workers can do things automatically, without thinking about them. This will speed up their productivity, and speed up the whole production process. Finally, small tasks are easier to learn. As the division of labour increases, the amount of time needed to train each worker decreases. All of this means a more efficient and productive workforce … at least, in theory. There is, however, a human factor to consider. Workers are not machines. Their physical and emotional health has an impact on their productivity. Repeating the same simple task over and over again is very boring. Bored workers can't concentrate easily, and their mistakes will reduce the quality of their output. In addition there is a problem of ownership. Many workers take pride in their work. They don’t just work for wages, but also because they get satisfaction from doing a good job or from creating something useful or beautiful. If you only add buttons to a shirt, you don’t feel that the shirt is your work. You can't take pride in a job that does not need skill to do. In this situation, workers become careless and their work becomes sloppy. Overall, this has a negative impact on productivity. Thankfully, robots and machines can now do many of the mindless tasks that factory workers used to do. Nevertheless, the theory of the division of labour is still fundamental to all modern economies.

1) Can he … English?

a) speaks 

b) speaking 

c) speak  

d) to speak

2) What time … lunch?

a) does Jack has          

b) Jack has

c) do Jack has         

d) does Jack have

3) … you written the letter to our teacher?

a) shall   

b) will  

c) have  

d) having

4) When … her homework?

a) Ella usually does  

b) does Ella do usually 

c) usually does Ella  

d) does Ella usually do

5) If you work hard, you… your exams well.

a) pass               

b) will pass   

c) have passed       

d) are passing

6) He has three children, … he?

a) don’t  

b) hasn’t 

c) haven’t            

d) hadn’t

7) My brother … too young to do this work.

a) are                

b) does 

c) is                 

d) has

8) He … friends in many towns.

a) is    

b) are   

c) have    

d) has

9) He … a letter to his friend yesterday.

a) wrote              

b) will write 

c) is writing         

d) have written

10) Peter is not at the university now, he … in his room.

a) read               

b) was reading 

c) is reading         

d) has read

11) He … taking his exam just now.

a) will    

b) has      

c) is        

d) was

12) Has Fred got his books now? Yes, my brother … yesterday.

a) has given them to him  

b) gave them to him

c) gave to him them  

d) has given to him them

13) Where … on Sundays?

a) do Mike do        

b) Mike goes

c) Mike does go      

d) does Mike go

14) … you read anything by Dickens?

a) are   

b) were   

c) have       

d) was

15) They invited him yesterday but he … .

a) didn’t yet say that yes

b) didn’t yet say yes


c) hasn’t yet said that yes

d) hasn’t said yes yet


16) If I … James  I … happy to give him the present.

a) will see … am    

b) see … will be

c) see … am         

d) will see … will be

17) She’d written that before, …?

a) didn’t she       

b) wouldn’t she

c) hadn’t she       

d) shouldn’t she

18) Which … the longest river in Great Britain?

a) has     

b) have    

c) is       

d) does

19) Her sister … many English magazines.

a) is      

b) has     

c) have     

d) are

20) A cat is  … animal.

a) a       

b) an      

c) the      

d) –

21) The students … in the country next summer.

a)  work            

b) are working

c) will work       

d) have worked

22) Children … in the garden now.

a) play

b)  have played 

c) plays            

d) are playing

23) … he many good ideas?

a) have    

b) has   

c) are     

d) is



24) Every old palace has … strange stories.

a) his     

b) their   

c) a       

d) its

25) Why … you writing with a pencil?

a) do      

b) have    

c) had     

d) are

26. The letter … in pencil and it was difficult to read it.

a) is writing      

b) has written

c) writes           

d) was written

27. ‘Anna Karenina’ … by L.Tolstoi.

a) has written      

b) was written

c) was writing      

d) wrote

28) These new houses … two years ago.

a) were built  

b) have built

c) build            

d) building

29) But the new school … next year.

a) will build       

b) will be building

c) has built        

d) will be built

30) John speaks English, but …?

a) does Margaret          

b) speaks Margaret

c) Margaret speaks        

d) Margaret does

времени в пассивном залоге.) 1. I to the party. (to invite) 2. He about the accident. (to inform) 3. I by my best friend. (to deceive) 4. The bushes today by the gardener. (to trim)

Образуйте сравнительную и превосходную степени от следующих прилагательных и наречий: large, tall, long, easy, wonderful, hot big, cold, necessary, quickly, nice, bad, strong, comfortable, short, active, slowly, pleasant, young.

Люди добрые, объясните, пжлста, что такое ТЕМА-РЕМА. и как зная данное правило правильно перевести следующее предложение: 

Despite these accomplishments, serious hunger, health and environmental concerns remain.

1. What is demand?
2. What is supply?
3. When are the demanded and supplied quantities of goods high?
4. How are prices and the supplied and demanded quantities regulated by the market?
5. Which factors influenced demand?
6. Which factors influenced supply?
7. How can government regulate demand and supply?


Demand and Supply
Demand is the quantity of goods that wish to buy at each price. Other things equal, at lot prices the demanded quantity is higher. Supply is the quantity of goods that sellers wish to sell at each price. Other things equal, when prices are high, the supplied quantity is high as well.
The market is in equilibrium when the price regulates the quantity supplied by producers and the quantity demanded by consumers. When prices are not so high as the equilibrium price, there is excess demand (storage) raising the price. At prices above the equilibrium price, there is excess supply (surplus) reducing the price.There are some factors influencing demand for good, such as the prices of other goods, consumer incomes and some others.
As consumer income is increased, demand for a normal good will also increase but demand for an inferior good will decrease. A normal good is a good for which demand increases when incomes rise. An inferior good is a good for which demand falls when incomes rise.
As to supply, some factors are assumed as constant. Among them are technology, the input price, as well as degree of government regulation. An improvement in technology is as important for increasing the supplied quantity of good as a reduction in input prices.


Сын моей сестры — пионер. Он хорошо учится (успевает) в школе. Он, как правило, не получает плохих отметок. Моя сестра обычно помогает ему готовить уроки. У меня нет сестёр, но у меня есть четыре брата. Два моих брата окончили в прошлом году институт, а двое учатся в школе (ходят в школу). Эта молодая женщина — инженер. Она работает на большомзаводе. У неё обычно много работы. Каждое утро она отводит своего маленького сына в детский сад. Товарищ Климов — старый рабочий. У него нет внуков, но у него есть две внучки. Первая внучка товарища Климова родилась семь лет тому назад, а вторая — в прошлом году. В прошлом году я не изучала английского языка, и у меня не было английских книг. Теперь у меня много английских книг. По вечерам я, как правило, читаю по-английски. Мой муж тоже знает язык, и мы иногда говорим по-английски. В будущем году я собираюсь начать изучать французский язык.Мои родители живут за городом. Там у них три комнаты. Я обычно езжу к ним летом и иногда зимой. Я не люблю ездить туда осенью и весной. У меня будет много работы на будущей недели. Сколько времени вы обычно тратите на свои уроки? — Я трачу на них, как правило, два часа. Сколько предметов вы изучаете? Не помогайте вашему сыну делать уроки. Мне кажется, некоторые из этих тем очень интересны. Вы уезжаете в Киев на будущей недели? — Да, я поеду туда повидать моих родителей. Кто оставил здесь вчера эти тетради?
Помогите с заданием. Завершить предложения путем выбора правильной формы в скобках. Complete the conversation by choosing the correct form in brackets ().

sarah: ....have you ever been (have you ever been / did you ever go) to the United states?
jim: yes,...( i`ve been / i went) to California last year.
sarah: ....( Have you liked / did you like) it?
jim: yes,...(l`ve enjoyed / i enjoyed) the trip a lot.
sarah: What… (have you done / did you do) there?
jim:.....(i`ve visited / i visited) i hollywood, disneyland and san Francisco.
… (have you been / did you go) to California, Sarah?
sarah: No, but… ( i`ve booked / booked a holiday ther.
i`ve got my ticket and i`m hoing next week!
If I _____ (be) rich, I _____ (travel) round the world. First I _____ (go) to Canada, then I _____ (go) to New York.
If he _____ (work) harder, he _____ (have) more money.
I _____ (go) to work, if I _____ (feel) better, but I feel terrible.
If I _____ (can) speak perfect English, I _____ (not be) in this classroom.
What _____ you _____ (do) if a stranger _____ (give) you 1 million pounds?
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